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Adaptability of Opportunistic Routing Protocols in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks: A Review

Mukul Joshi, Kapil Mehta, Sanjay Charaya


Due to the Underwater Sensor Network (UWSN), which at present is a study area of consideration in academia and industry, communication technology has made great strides in recent years. Many researchers and corporations are working to improve UWSN systems' existing technology in order to build a variety of application areas. However, UWSNs have a number of restrictions and obstacles, including high interference as well as noise, long proliferation times, small bandwidth, changeable network architecture, and sensor node battery life. Routing protocol development is one solution to these issues. This work provides a study of routing strategies for UWSNs. Furthermore, the present privacy mechanisms of Internet of Things (IoT) may not immediately adapt to UWSN surroundings due to its size. As a result, the objective is to give a thorough analysis of contemporary UWSN system developments, applications, communication technologies, obstacles, security risks, and privacy concerns. In addition, this study discusses how to avoid or deal with technological problems and security assaults in the UWSN context.

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